Crude oil is one of the most important commodities critical to the global economy. After being transformed into petroleum it is used to power automobiles, planes, and other vehicles in addition to being a key energy source used in heating, asphalt, and electricity.
Besides its use in energy, petroleum is used to manufacture plastic goods and household items like detergents and paint. For these reasons, investing in crude oil gives many investors opportunities to profit in almost all market conditions due to its importance to the world economy.
In this article, you will learn different ways to invest in crude oil, and how to trade crude oil with CFD on Mitrade.
The price of oil is generally referred to as the spot price of a barrel of benchmark crude oil. It is commonly referenced according to the sellers of crude oil such as West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Crude, Western Canadian Select (WCS), Urals oil, OPEC Reference Basket, Tapis crude, Bonny Light, Dubai Crude and Isthmus.
The spot prices are different for each type due to the processing required to transform each into petroleum.
USOIL price chart from mitrade▼
Brent Oil price chart from mitrade▼
Since the dawn of the oil age in the mid-19th century, the price of oil remained relatively steady until the 1970s, when various world events embedded in war, conflict, and political tyranny led to price shocks and drops until the present day.
Crude Oil Prices - Historical Chart
What is the highest price of oil in history?
In 1980, crude oil prices globally "spiked" , and reached all-time peak of US$184.94 in July 2008.
What is the lowest price of oil in history?
On 20 April 2020, WTI Crude futures price dropped below $0 for the first time in history, and the following day Brent Crude fell below $20 per barrel.
The Russia–Saudi Arabia Oil Price War
Events associated with the coronavirus “pandemic” led to government lockdowns in 2020 that substantially decreased economic activity, leading to price drops made worse by the 2020 Russia–Saudi Arabia oil price war.
The price war was triggered in March 2020 by Saudi Arabia in response to Russia's refusal to reduce the production of oil. The desire for this is associated with market factors that increase oil price when production (and therefore inventory) decrease, resulting in a higher overall price.
This event created a flood of products on the market, resulting in sharply falling prices that went negative on April 20. This condition is characterized by supply amounts so high in comparison to demand that producers must pay to have it removed from the site.
Crude oil is the most actively traded commodity in the world. Oil and other commodities are still in high demand.
Additionally, the strong link between crude oil and the U.S. dollar (USD) makes it particularly popular among traders. Oil investing, on the other hand, is riskier than other stock markets. because oil is cyclical and volatile.
So, "should you invest in oil" depends on your trading strategy.
Oil is sometimes viewed as a way to diversify one's portfolio and hedging. Investors typically have indirect exposure to oil through stocks, ETFs, or Futures, CFD contracts.
Investors wishing to leverage the volatile price markets for crude oil have several options as follows:
Oil exploration companies are directly affected by the spot price of oil, making them a popular way to indirectly invest in the market. This is a common way for traders to gain exposure to the market, giving them options for profiting on the value appreciation of the shares and the dividends paid.
It is important to take note prior to investing in companies that the market for renewables and other fuels is always evolving and that hydrocarbon-based energy is gradually being phased out.
As mentioned earlier in the article, there are several crude oil benchmarks for the spot price of oil. Two of the most popular ones for oil trading are WTI and Brent crude and can be traded through futures contracts.
Futures are contracts that require the buyer and purchaser to trade an asset at a predetermined contract date at a specific price.
Performed on special commodities exchanges, WTI futures can be traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) and Brent futures can be traded on the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) in London.
ETFs are investment instruments traded on stock exchanges that hold assets such as stocks, commodities (like oil), or bonds. This is often the least risky way to invest in crude oil, making it a very popular option for less-experienced traders.
Oil ETFs can be diverse, consisting of the stocks of oil companies and futures into a single instrument. These are often traded similarly to stocks, minimizing the risks of investing in highly volatile oil markets.
Large-scale investors can invest in crude oil by buying into an MLP. This makes them a limited partner that is entitled to a share of the profits, however, does not entitle them to any voting rights.
MLPs are typically associated with the storage and transportation aspects of the oil industry, making their performance different from traditional stocks in the energy sector.
CFDs are specialized financial derivative products that allow speculators to trade on the price difference of an asset without owning the asset. Specifically, they are contracts between buyers and sellers where either party profits on the price difference at the end of the contract.
CFDs resemble futures, with a few key differences:
● They are sold on a one-to-one basis with the underlying financial instrument
● CFDs have no expiry date
● CFD investors can buy small contracts as low as one share or unit of the underlying financial instrument
● CFDs can be easily created and are available for a wide variety of investment instruments, like cryptocurrency
● CFD trading is conducted over-the-counter with CFD brokers
● CFDs are not available to US residents
Oil CFDs are ideal for traders that wish to speculate on the price of oil without owning any real assets, have limited funds, and wish to use leverage. They offer a straightforward way to make short-term investments based on predictions of the oil market's direction.
Download Mitrade forex app to practice your trading skills!
Like futures, Crude oil CFDs are generally available as two main products: the US WTI/Light Crude (traded on the New York Exchange) or the Brent crude that is traded on the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE). These are offered over-the-counter through licensed online brokers.
Trading in Oil CFDs allows traders to speculate on price movements in both directions, going either “long” or“short depending on predictions for where the price is headed.
Specifically, a trader thinking the price will fall would “go short” on oil and “go long” if they feel the price will rise. The profits or losses for either trade are realized after the position is closed.
Leveraged trading uses the credit from the broker to conduct large trades without paying the full cost. While this gives traders the opportunity to make very large trades (and profits) it also magnifies potential losses if the price goes the other way.
CFDs are also used to serve the purpose of hedging the risk exposure in the underlying asset, allowing investors to better manage their overall risk.
Step 1: Open a trading account
The first step to join the oil investing market, you need to open a trading account.
Step 2: Deposit funds
According to the amounts you want to buy and the leverage used, you need to deposit the margin into your trading account. For example, On Mitrade, if you buy 0.01lit WTI oil, you need to deposit at least $5 to open the position.
- place a buy order on mitrade-
*When you select your position size, your margin will automatically populate at the bottom of the deal ticket.
Step 3: place a buy or sell order
According to your predictions on the oil market, place a long or short order through the mobile trading app or online web trader.
Step 4: Track the position, take profit and stop loss
CFDs are derivative products that use leverage. Therefore, investors should regularly monitor changes in trading positions and take-profit and stop-losses in a timely manner.
CFDs are highly complex and can be very risky when used with a high amount of leverage. This makes them ideally suited to experienced traders and investors. While CFDs are highly lucrative, providing opportunities to make large profits, the losses can be just as high for inexperienced traders.
The complexity of CFDs leaves no room for trading errors or misunderstandings. When combined with the use of leverage, many traders can lose more than their initial capital, and inexperienced traders are advised to practice with a demo account prior to using their own money.
Despite the risks, CFDs remain very popular. Low barriers to entry and volatile market conditions continue to offer potential profits, and all traders must exercise caution and research each trade thoroughly prior to execution.
■ The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
OPEC is an intergovernmental organization of 13 oil-producing countries that was founded in Baghdad in 1960, with headquarters in Vienna, Austria. The purpose of the organization is to collaborate oil production in order to create price stability and reduce competition. Following the activities of OPEC is crucial to understanding how the price of oil moves.
As of September 2018, OPEC nations account for an estimated 81.5 percent of the world’s oil reserves and 44 percent of global oil production, according to this Wikipedia page that links to other sources that compile statistics from OPEC and the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
This large market share highly influences how oil price moves, making OPEC a prominent player in the global industry.
■ Interest rate
Interest rates are important economic indicators. Changes in interest rates affect the cost of inventory storage, affect the habits of producers and consumers, and change the cost and structure of capital for oil producers in terms of land, buildings, machinery, and equipment.
■ Economic performance indicator
Investors can use economic performance to forecast changes in oil demand. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of a country's total expenditure and production, with the assumption that rising GDP leads to rising oil consumption.
■ Inventory of oil
Oil is a strategic and economically important resource for countries. An indication for investors based on a national assessment of oil reserves.
■ Derivatives and Reporting
More and more market participants are buying and selling crude oil not in physical form, but in derivative contracts. For example, investors trade futures and options in response to fluctuations in the price of oil.
When news comes in, speculators buy or sell in waves, pushing oil prices up or down.
The International Monetary Fund’s latest World Economic Outlook release predicts a slightly higher Brent Crude price of approximately $37 per barrel in 2020 with a further increase to about $40 in 2021. Brent crude oil will rise further to about $75 per barrel in 2022 according to the estimates.
These predictions are prompting many people to consider investing in oil, however, opinions vary widely among analysts with different outlooks in the short, medium, and long-term with respect to price.
You can work with Mitrade's trading tools to discover the trading possibility in oil market fluctuations.
The content presented above, whether from a third party or not, is considered as general advice only. This article should not be construed as containing investment advice, investment recommendations, an offer of or solicitation for any transactions in financial instruments. *CFD trading carries a high level of risk and is not suitable for all investors. Please read the PDS before choosing to start trading.
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